Safe 清洁

清洁 Safely

清洁 helps keep us safe from germs, 但我们也想确保清洁的方式对我们和环境都是安全的

How do i make sure i’m cleaning safely?

毫无疑问,要想产品是可持续的,它们必须使用安全,对环境也安全. 你可以相信,你购买的清洁产品都经过了彻底的评估,以确保它们确实是清洁产品.

由法律规定, manufacturers must make sure the products they sell are safe for people to use, provided they are used correctly and according to the instructions. If a product is found to be unsafe, manufacturers must take it off the market.

还有一些法规要求对人体和环境的成分进行系统的风险评估, 如果这些成分被证明在产品中存在无法控制的风险,它们将被禁止使用.

Understanding hazard and risk

在考虑安全问题时,记住危害和风险之间的区别是很重要的. 大多数东西都有危险——甚至醋和柠檬——因为它们在某些情况下会造成伤害. 它们可以安全食用,但只能少量食用,而且你不应该把它们喷进眼睛里. 对于安全来说,重要的是当你正常使用这些东西时,它们不应该构成任何真正的伤害风险.

If products have hazards, 它们有标签,所以你知道它们的存在,它们也有说明,所以你可以安全地使用它们. And if lemons had to be labelled like cleaning products do, they would have to carry a corrosive warning!

所以,以一种对人类和生态系统安全的方式进行清洁根本就不难. 如果您按照说明操作,您就不必担心您使用的是一个问题.

Risk assessment – checking products can be used safely

制造商在产品投放市场之前,通过系统的风险评估来确认其产品是安全的. Firstly, they consider any hazardous properties of each ingredient. This might sound scary, but most things as pure substances have hazards. 重要的是,只有当你暴露在足够大的剂量下,才会造成伤害.

其次, 他们根据产品的使用方式来计算人们可能接触到的产品的程度. 计算涵盖了所有的暴露途径——通过皮肤和通过空气是主要途径. Even the way it might easily be misused is taken into account. 该产品只有在用户可能体验到的暴露水平之间有很大的安全裕度时才会上市, and the levels at which some harmful effect might start to occur. It’s rather like working out the safe dose of a medicine, and then ensuring the dose anyone gets is well below the safe dose.

检查产品是否对环境无害也是一个类似的过程. With cleaning products, which mainly go down the drain after use, the greatest potential for some harmful impact is naturally on rivers. 第一步是计算流入污水处理厂的污水中每种成分的含量. From a knowledge of how the ingredient is ‘biodegraded’, or otherwise broken down or removed during sewage treatment, you can then work out how much might be left in the sewage effluent. After sewage treatment, 进入河流的量会很低,但你可以计算出当该产品被广泛使用时,河流中可能存在的水平. Comparing those levels with the levels which might harm life in the river, makes it possible to check there’s no risk of harm to aquatic life in the water. Similar calculations can be done for septic tanks.

在评估清洁产品成分对环境的危害时,水生生物是首要关注的焦点, 但对沉积物或土壤生物的可能影响也以类似的方式进行了检查, 同样,当河水被净化并重新用于饮用时,是否有任何影响的可能性.

尽管清洁产品制造商已经用这种方法检查了几十年的产品安全性, 欧盟法律现在要求对各种产品中使用的物质进行系统检查. 这些法律还非常详细地规定了如何进行计算,以确保每个人都能对结果有信心.

Labelling to guide safe use

If a cleaning product has hazards that might cause problems if not properly used, 法律要求制造商在包装上使用标准的警告标签和短语. 更多BBIN注册登入警告标签的信息,以及BBIN注册登入新法规的变化,请参见 available here. 这些都是各种产品上常见的景象,如果产品对皮肤有刺激性或腐蚀性,就会发出警告, is flammable or dangerous for the environment. This allows you to bear this in mind when handling, storing and using the product so it’s always safe.

Irritant Warning Symbol

Irritant warning symbol 

除了这些法律要求的标签BBIN注册登入产品的特定危害, 制造商已经开发了一套BBIN注册登入如何安全使用产品的额外视觉提示——一套适用于整个欧洲的标准.

Keep Away From Children Symbol

Keep Away From Children Symbol 

可持续清洁宪章鼓励在相关产品上使用这些图片,任何使用宪章标志的产品必须带有所有适当的图片.

Read and follow the use instructions

Warnings about hazards, and pictures about how to use products safely are valuable, especially as an ever present reminder for products you buy all the time. But anyone interested in safe and sustainable cleaning must read the instructions! Instructions can convey far more, and in a more relevant and helpful way, 它们是确保清洁对你和地球都是安全的关键.

bbin视讯真人 us 或打电话 01829 770055.

bbin视讯真人 the UKCPI on ukcpi@leaveyourcatathome.com 或打电话 01829 770055.